By Alton Meister

ISBN-10: 0470122900

ISBN-13: 9780470122907

ISBN-10: 047102726X

ISBN-13: 9780471027263

Advances in Enzymology and comparable components of Molecular Biology is a seminal sequence within the box of biochemistry, providing researchers entry to authoritative stories of the newest discoveries in all parts of enzymology and molecular biology. those landmark volumes date again to 1941, offering an unmatched view of the old improvement of enzymology. The sequence deals researchers the newest figuring out of enzymes, their mechanisms, reactions and evolution, roles in complicated organic approach, and their software in either the laboratory and undefined. every one quantity within the sequence gains contributions by way of top pioneers and investigators within the box from around the globe. All articles are conscientiously edited to make sure thoroughness, caliber, and clarity.

With its wide variety of issues and lengthy old pedigree, Advances in Enzymology and comparable components of Molecular Biology can be utilized not just by way of scholars and researchers in molecular biology, biochemistry, and enzymology, but in addition by means of any scientist drawn to the invention of an enzyme, its houses, and its applications.

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2) V , for G4 is very small. This is reasonable, because transacylation from the enzyme is the rate-limiting step in the synthesis of CwCoA (see pp. 1 6 2 1 ) . Saturated G4 chains have a long lifetime on the enzyme, and even though transacylation of C24 chains is very slow, elongation of C24 is even slower. Relatively few acyl chains longer than C24 are produced. (3) The chain-length specificity of elongation (condensing enzyme) is broader than that for transacylation. A bimodal product distribution pattern is generated because of the nonoverlapping shapes of the chain-length specificity curves.

Substrate dependence of long-chain acyl-CoA transacylation and effect of complexing agents: (A) no additions, ( 0 )10 f l BSA, (A)50 pA4 BSA, ( 0 )100 f l MMP, (H), 500 p M MMP, ( 0 )1 mM MMP. From reference 50a. The longer the acyl chain of the CoA derivatives, the more severe the problem of substrate inhibition. EventuaIly, transacylation in the absence of complexing agents is no longer detectable. T h e CMC values for the longer-chain acyl-CoA derivatives are not known, but may be presumed to be very much lower than those for palmitoyl-CoA.

In the M. smegmutis system malonyl-CoA also competitively inhibits palmitoyl-CoA transacylation, so far the only evidence for the identity of sites. * For systems in which these two transacylase sites are shared, the regulatory corlsequences are likely to be profound. T h e existence of a single longchain transacylase of broad specificity (CIS to G4)is also crucial for understanding the control ofM. smegmatis fatty acid synthesis. Arguments in favor of identical sites for c16 and Ct4 transacylation have already been given.

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Advances in Enzymology and Related Areas of Molecular Biology, Volume 45 by Alton Meister

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