By U. S. DEPARTMENT OF STATE, Bureau of International Information Programs
The structure of the USA, the brainchild of some of America’s maximum leaders following the colonies’ War for Independence, has safe americans’ rights and liberties since it went into influence on June 21, 1788. The rfile also has served as an concept to patriots all over who wish to determine “a clever and simply Government,” the objective delegate George Mason set for the framers accumulated on the Constitutional Convention in 1787. For readers drawn to the examine of this historic document and its relevance to modern democratic government, this ebook bargains the whole, authoritativetext of the structure, the invoice of Rights, and the other amendments ratified because the first 10. It contains an essay on the old advancements that ended in the convening of the Constitutional conference, the disputes and compromises among the delegates, and the ratification and modification process. Finally, it additionally presents explanatory notes for the textual content of theConstitution and its 27 amendments. [C:\Users\Microsoft\Documents\Calibre Library]
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Additional info for ABOUT AMERICA: THE CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
COMMENTARY: A capitation is a tax collected equally from everyone. It is also called a head tax or poll tax. The Supreme Court held that this section prohibits an income tax, but the 16th Amendment set aside the effect of the court’s decision. 56 (5) No Tax or Duty shall be laid on Articles exported from any State. COMMENTARY: In this sentence, exported means sent to other states or to foreign countries. The Southern states feared that the new government would tax their exports and that their economies would suffer as a result.
COMMENTARY: The Vice President serves as president of the Senate. He votes only when a tie vote occurs. The Vice President’s power to break ties can be important. In 1789, for example, Vice President John Adams cast the vote that decided the President could remove Cabinet members without Senate approval. (5) The Senate shall chuse their other Officers, and also a President pro tempore, in the Absence of the Vice President, or when he shall exercise the Office of President of the United States. 48 COMMENTARY: The Senate elects an officer called the president pro tempore to lead meetings when the Vice President is absent.
Article 1 Section 5 (1) Each House shall be the Judge of the Elections, Returns and Qualifications of its own Members, and a Majority of each shall constitute a Quorum to do Business; but a smaller Number may adjourn from day to day, and may be authorized to compel the Attendance of absent Members, in such Manner, and under such Penalties as each House may provide. COMMENTARY: Each house determines if its members are constitutionally qualified and have been properly elected. In judging the qualifications of its members, each house may consider only the age, citizenship, and residence requirements set forth in the Constitution.
ABOUT AMERICA: THE CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA by U. S. DEPARTMENT OF STATE, Bureau of International Information Programs