By Samuel Merrill III, Bernard Grofman
Professors Merrill and Grofman improve a unified version that comes with voter motivations and assesses its empirical predictions--for either voter selection and candidate strategy--in the USA, Norway, and France. The analyses exhibit mix of proximity, course, discounting, and occasion identity fit with the mildly yet now not tremendous divergent rules which are attribute of many two-party and multiparty electorates. All of those motivations are essential to comprehend the linkage among candidate factor positions and voter personal tastes.
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Additional resources for A Unified Theory of Voting: Directional and Proximity Spatial Models
Much attention in the literature has been given to assessing the relative merits of pure models. 16 But we believe that we demonstrate a more important empirical finding – that proximity, directional, 16 Lewis and King (1998) support this view, based on statistical issues of model identifiability. 1. Alternative Models of Issue Voting 37 and intensity components ALL play significant roles in voter choice and hence in the positioning of candidates and parties. Moreover, we also show that these three determinants of voter utility and voter choice appear to vary in their importance over different candidates and voters, with preferences for incumbents (as known commodities) best predicted by the proximity and Matthews models.
We illustrate this distinction for the case of two dimensions. Suppose there are two issues, where, say, the horizontal dimension represents economic policy and the vertical dimension represents social policy. Consider a voter, V, and a candidate, C, who agree on one issue (say, economic policy), but not on the other (social policy). First, suppose that both voter and candidate have strong, conservative positions on economics, at 4 on the scale with 0 as the neutral point. 2a). The voter and candidate agree on the issue that both feel strongest 8 If either V or C is 0, the utility is defined to be 0.
Even with these emendations, each of these models singles out one (or in some cases two) aspects of voter decision making. We expect each to be of limited usefulness by itself in explaining voter behavior, and empirical studies bear out this expectation (see Chapters 4–7). In this chapter, we specify a unified model intended to incorporate the features of all the various pure models. 1 Although Rabinowitz and Macdonald consider the “region of acceptability” 1 In three dimensions, this circle is replaced by a sphere, and in general, by a hypersphere.
A Unified Theory of Voting: Directional and Proximity Spatial Models by Samuel Merrill III, Bernard Grofman